Contamination of fish by 2, 3, 7, 8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-P-Dioxin: A survey of fish from major watersheds in the United States




Kuehl, D.W.
Butterworth, B.C.
McBride, A.
Kroner, S.
Bahnick, D.

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A survey of contamination of fish from major watersheds in the United States by 2,3,7,8-TCDD has been conducted by the U.S. EPA. Bottom feeding and predator fish were collected at 90 statistically selected and 305 regionally selected sites and analyzed by GC/MS. It was found that 19% of the statistically sampled sites and 31% of the regionally selected sites were contaminated at or above a minimum level of detection varying from 0.5 to 2.0 pg/g. Ten percent of all samples were contaminated at levels greater than 5.0 pg/g. It was also observed that a subset of samples collected at sites near discharge from pulp/paper manufacture has a higher frequency of TCDD contamination above 5.0 pg/g. This subset of samples also contained the sample of the greatest level of TCDD contamination.


p. 1997-2014


chemical pollution, pollution surveys, water pollution