Vegetation establishment and shoreline stabilization, Galveston Bay, Texas.

dc.acquisition-srcen_US
dc.call-noTC203.U581 GBAYen_US
dc.contract-noen_US
dc.contributor.authorWebb, J.W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDodd, J.D.en_US
dc.contributor.otheren_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-15T17:09:40Z
dc.date.available2010-02-15T17:09:40Z
dc.date.issued1976en_US
dc.degreeen_US
dc.description77 p.en_US
dc.description-otheren_US
dc.description.abstractAdaption of species for shoreline stabilization, use of wave-stilling devices, and effects of fertilizers were studied along the north shore of East Bay in Texas. Water salinity varied throughout the study with rainfall and evaporation but never exceeded 18,500 parts per million. Soil texture was classified as a loam or clay-loam. Soil pH, salinity, and cation concentrations fluctuated with bay water salinity, rainfall, evaporation, and location in relation to tidal zones. Giant reed and gulf cordgrass were best adapted for dry areas. Smooth cordgrass was the species best adapted in areas exposed to tidal action. The survival and growth of this species appeared essential in stabilizing the eroding upper Texas coast bay shoreline. Wave-stilling devices of hay bales were not able to withstand high-wave energy. Tires on cables attached to posts lost their effectiveness as they sank into the mud. Nevertheless, smooth cordgrass survival was significantly greater behind these devices. Mechanical planting behind a tractor was accomplished at low tides. Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers did not significantly improve survival or reproduction in transplanted areas, but were significant in natural smooth cordgrass stands for reproduction and herbage production.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://gbic.tamug.edu/request.htmen_US
dc.geo-codeTexas coasten_US
dc.geo-codeEast Bayen_US
dc.historyen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.3/22376
dc.latitudeen_US
dc.locationGBIC Collectionen_US
dc.longitudeen_US
dc.notesen_US
dc.placeCollege Station, Texas:en_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M University, Department of Range Sciences.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries459.00en_US
dc.relation.urien_US
dc.scaleen_US
dc.seriesen_US
dc.subjectpenaeid shrimpen_US
dc.subjectPenaeus aztecusen_US
dc.subjectPenaeus setiferusen_US
dc.subjectbrown shrimpen_US
dc.subjectwhite shrimpen_US
dc.subjecttemperature variationsen_US
dc.subjectjuvenilesen_US
dc.titleVegetation establishment and shoreline stabilization, Galveston Bay, Texas.en_US
dc.typeBooken_US
dc.universityen_US
dc.vol-issueen_US
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