Tropical cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871-1986.




Neumann, C.J.

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U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service.


This paper presents North Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks and certain basic statistical summaries. A detailed analysis of the tracks was not attempted. This is a departure from Cry (23) who includes a considerable amount of track analysis and interpretation. The omission of some of the material kept the size of the revision from becoming excessive. Several other recent publications also deal specifically with the analysis of Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks. These include NOAA publications prepared for the Federal Flood Insurance Program and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (47, 71, 72) and studies to satisfy the needs of the National Hurricane Center (42, 48, 85). The National Climatic Center also has been active in work on tropical cyclone activity to satisfy the operational needs of the U.S. Navy (18, 19, 20, 21). Despite the availability of studies dealing with the climatology of tropical cyclones, many of the hundreds of requests for information received annually by the National Climatic Center and the National Hurricane Center still require additional work tailored to specific user requirements. The availability of storm tracks for the complete 107-year period 1871-1977 should satisfy many of these requests. Since the study will be used primarily as a reference volume, users probably will limit their reading of any textual material to sections pertinent to their particular query. For this reason, a certain amount of redundancy between sections was necessary.


1 vol.


storms, cyclones, weather hazards, wave action, storm surges