A Bioassay for the Toxicity of Sediment to the Marine Macrobenthos




Swartz RC
DeBen WA
Cole FA

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A bioassay has been developed to determine the acute toxicity of the settleable phase of dredged material to the marine benthos. Five benthic invertebrates representing different taxonomic and trophic positions were allowed to acclimate to control (non-polluted) sediment and were then covered by a layer of either test or control sediment. Mean survival after ten days of exposure was significantly different from the controls for sediment from the Duwamish River, WA; Houston Ship Channel, TX; Bailey Creek, VA; and Raritan River, NJ; but there was no significant difference for sediment from Coos Bay and the Skipanon River, OR. There were substantial differences in survival among the five test species. The most sensitive species was the infaunal amphipod, Paraphoxus epistomus. (See also W79-09113) (Deal-EIS)




Amphipoda, Aquatic populations, Bailey Creek, Benthic fauna, Benthos, Bioassay, Bottom sediments, Chemical analysis, Coos Bay, Duwamish River, Houston, Houston ship canal, Houston Ship Channel, Mollusks, New Jersey, Oregon, Particle size, Polychaetes, Raritan River, Sediments, Suspended solids, SW 3010 Identification of pollutants, SW 3030 Effects of pollution, Texas, Toxicity, TX, Virginia, Washington