Characterization and fishery development potential of Galveston Bay, Texas, Stone Crab (Menippe Adina) stocks

dc.acquisition-srcen_US 8502 - Box 20en_US Marine Research Publicationsen_US
dc.contributor.authorLandry, Andre M., Jr.en_US
dc.contributor.otherFlorida Marine Research Publicationsen_US
dc.descriptionpgs. 67-73en_US
dc.description.abstractSeasonal abundance, spatial and temporal distribution, and size composition of stone crab (Menippe adina) stocks in lower Galveston Bay, Texas, were characterized by trapping from January through December 1985. Stone crab catch per unit effort was highest throughout late summer and fall; catch rates were greatest in deep-water (>8.1 m) channels with beds of packed sand. Male:female sex ration was 1.0:2.5; females exhibited a slightly larger mean carapace width (91 mm, versus 87 mm for males). Males possessed proportionally larger claws and began producing claws of harvestable size (>70 mm propodus length) at a smaller average carapace width (90 mm) than did females (95 mm). The right propodus was the crusher claw on 73% of the crabs sampled. Nearly 84% of the crabs sampled possessed both claws, and 53% of all crabs yielded at least one harvestable claw. The 22,350 kg of stone crab claws caught by commercial crabbers in Galveston Bay during 1985-86 represented 36% of the entire Texas stone crab harvest. The potential for developing a directed stone crab fishery in Texas seems poor because of a lack of information on indigenous stocks, absence of in-state markets, and insufficient support from industry and government.en_US
dc.geo-codeUnited Statesen_US
dc.geo-codeGalveston Bayen_US
dc.geo-codeTiki Islanden_US
dc.geo-codeWest Bayen_US
dc.geo-codeConfederate Reefen_US
dc.geo-codeOxen Bayouen_US
dc.geo-codeGalveston Islanden_US
dc.geo-codePelican Islanden_US
dc.geo-codeGalveston Causewayen_US
dc.history7/13/05 easen_US
dc.locationGBIC Archives Collection; TAMUG Periodical Collectionen_US
dc.notesProceedings of s Symposium on Stone Crab (Genus Menippe) Biology and Fisheries is the title of this number from the source journal.en_US
dc.placeSt. Petersburg, FLen_US
dc.publisherFlorida Department of Natual Resources, Marine Research Laboratoryen_US
dc.subjectStone Craben_US
dc.subjectfishery developmenten_US
dc.subjectfishery managementen_US
dc.subjectmenippe adinaen_US
dc.subjectfishery stocksen_US
dc.titleCharacterization and fishery development potential of Galveston Bay, Texas, Stone Crab (Menippe Adina) stocksen_US
dc.vol-issueNo. 50en_US