Rethinking the ozone problem in urban and regional air pollution
National Research Council
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Despite more than 20 years of regulatory efforts, concern is widespread that ozone pollution in the lower atmosphere, or toposphere, threatens the health of humans, animals, and vegetation. Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution describes how scientific information can be used to develop more effective approaches to control ozone. It covers the latest data and analysis on how tropospheric ozone is formed, how accurately we are measuring it, deficiencies in efforts to date to control the problem, approaches to reducing ozone precursor emissions that hold the most promise, and what additional research is needed. With a wealth of technical information, the book discusses atmospheric chemistry, the role of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ozone formation, monitoring and modeling the formation and transport processes, and the potential effects of alternative fuels on the tropospheric ozone problem. In addition, the committee provides criteria for designing more effective ozone control efforts.