Mathematical modeling of thermal discharges into shallow estuaries.
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A mathematical model has been developed for the prediction of water temperature distributions in shallow, vertically well-mixed estuaries, typical of those along the Gulf Coast. The model describes natural temperature variations, both spatial and temporal, as well as temperature variations in the immediate vicinity of a thermal discharge. The model can be used to predict the size of the mixing zone for a given thermal discharge, to define the zone of passage with one or more thermal discharges, to investigate man-made or natural modifications at an existing discharge site, to determine the optimum location for cooling water intake and outfall structures, as well as to predict seasonal and diurnal water temperature fluctuations.