The Effect of Inshore Environmental Factors on Penaeid Shrimp




Zein-Eldin, Zoula P.

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U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Galveston Laboratory


Several environmental factors important to the inshore biology of penaeid shrimp, both brown and white, are discussed. Single factors of salinity and temperature have received more attention then food, vegetation, predattion and season. Postlarvae and juvenile stages are better studied than larger and mature stages. Effects of two-factor interactions are limited to salinity-temperature, vegetation-food, vegetation-substrate, and vegtetation-predation. Until recently, native species received much attention; at present, however, there is again research on disease and reproduction in white shrimp, in hopes that this species may be a viable alternative to exotic semi-tropical species presently reared in the Gulf and South Atlantic regions.


pgs. 88-94


brown shrimp, Penaeus setiferus, white shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, salinity effects, temperature effects