Incidence of Vibrio species associated with blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus ) collected from Galveston Bay, Texas




Davis JW
Sizemore K

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Bacteria were isolated from the hemolymph of a majority (88%) of the blue crabs collected from Galveston Bay, Texas. The hemolymph of most crabs contained moderate infections. Vibrio spp. were the predominant bacterial types in the hemolymph of infected crabs and increased in number significantly during the summer season. Warmer water temperatures were thought to be responsible for this increase. Bacterial numbers and the percentage of Vibrio spp. were highest in the interior of the crab bodies, especially in the digestive tract. The exterior of the crabs did not appear to be the source of the hemolymph's bacterial flora. Bacteria taxonomically identical to V. cholerae, V. vulnificus , and V. parahaemolyticus were routinely isolated from the crab hemolymph and external carapace. V. parahaemolyticus was the most prevalent of the pathogenic Vibrio spp. The incidences of V. parahemolyticus and V. vulnificus were related and increased in the summer months. Both organisms were frequently isolated from the same crab




ASW,USA,Texas,Galveston Bay, Bacteria, Bacterial diseases, Blue crab, Callinectes, Callinectes sapidus, coastal environment, Galveston Bay, incidence, infection, infectious diseases, infestation, J 02870 Invertebrate bacteriology, O 1070 BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY/ ECOLOGY, Q1 01201 General, Q1 01484 Species interactions: parasites and diseases, Temperature, Texas, USA, USA,Texas, Vibrio, water, water temperature