Colonization of the gut of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) by Vibrio cholerae




Huq, A.
Huq, S.A.
Crimes, D.J.
O'Brien, M.
Chu, K.H.
Capuzzo, J.M.
Colwell, R.R.

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American Society for Microbiology


Attachment of Vibrio cholerae to the mucosal surface of the intestine is considered to be an important virulence characteristic. Vibrio cholerae, an autochthonous member of brackish water and estuarine bacterial communities, also attaches to crustacea, a significant factor in multiplication and survival of V. cholerae in nature. The ability of V. cholerae to attach to the gut wall of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) was examined, and attachment was observed only in the hindgut and not the midgut of crabs, confirming a requirement for chitin in the attachment of V. cholerae to invertebrate and zooplankton surfaces. The new finding of attachment of V. cholerae to the hindgut of crabs may be correlated with the epidemiology and transmission of choera in the aquatic environment. The crab model may also prove useful in elucidating the mechanism(s) of ion transport in crustacea.


pgs. 586-588


blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, Vibrio cholerae, bacteria