Hurricanes affecting the Texas Gulf Coast

Date

1967; reprinted 1969

Authors

Carr, John T., Jr.

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Abstract

Along the Texas Gulf Coast, damage from high water caused by hurricanes and their heavy attendant rains has been greater than the damage done by hurricane winds and hurricane spawned tornadoes combined. Because of wind set-up and the configuration and depth of Texas Bays, hurricane-caused high water has been higher at the heads of bays and in estuaries than on the open beaches. Land subsidence in certain coastal areas of heavy ground-water and oil withdrawl has amounted to as much as 5 feet during the period 1905-64. A total of 32 hurricanes affected Texas during the period 1900-1965. All occurred from June to October. Hurricanes of both Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico origin cross the Texas coastline at irregular intervals and move inland to become extratropical. Some incipient hurricanes originating in both areas remain undeveloped because of regional meteorological conditions but continue moving and affect the Texas coast as tropical storms or depressions. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is studying the entire Texas coast for hurricane protection measures in five study areas, each of which includes one or more of the major inland bay areas. Construction or modification of hurricane protection works has been federally authorized in three of the five study areas. A Standard Project Hurricane has been designed for small radius, mean radius, and large radius hurricanes moving at various speeds of translation.

Description

58 pages

Keywords

hurricanes, disasters, tropical depressions, meteorology, storm surges, storm surge barriers

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