Oyster polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon fingerprinting applied to the apex barge oil spill


1993 1993 Nov 14


Wade TL
Jackson TJ
McDonald TJ
Sericano JL
Brooks JM
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry PU

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An estimated 692,000 gallons of catalytic feed stock oil was spilled into Galveston Bay on July 28, 1990, when a tanker collided with three Apex barges in the Houston Ship Channel. Oysters were collected and analyzed from Galveston Bay Todd's Dump (GBTD) before the spill (235 days) and after the spill (6, 37, 132, 495, and 851 days). Oysters were also collected from Galveston Bay Redfish Island (GBRI), a site known to be impacted by the spill, 37 and 110 days after the spill. The spilled oil was also analyzed. The concentration of 18 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) measured as part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Status and Trends (NS and T) showed a sharp increase from 100 ng/g (235 days before the spill) to over 600 ng/g (one week after the spill). Concentrations of these 18 PAHs were also found at GBRI. Fingerprinting techniques applied to data from oyster analyses demonstrated the presence of bioavailable Apex Barge oil 37, 110, and 132 days after the spill at GBTD and GBRI. Fingerprinting becomes less diagnostic with time due to possible environmental weathering of the oil. The fingerprint from GBTD 495 and 851 days after the spill will be presented and discussed. (DBO)




Aromatic hydrocarbons, ASW,USA,Texas,Galveston Bay, Fingerprinting, Oil spills, oyster fisheries, Q1 01261 General, Q5 01502 Methods and instruments, USA