Emergence of a New Vibrio parahaemolyticus Serotype in Raw Oysters A Prevention Quandary

dc.acquisition-srcDownloaded from-Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstractsen_US
dc.call-noen_US
dc.contract-noen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaniels NAen_US
dc.contributor.authorRay Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorEaston Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarano Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorKahn Een_US
dc.contributor.authorMcShan A IIen_US
dc.contributor.authorDel Rosario Len_US
dc.contributor.authorBaldwin Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorKingsley MAen_US
dc.contributor.authorPuhr NDen_US
dc.contributor.authorWells JGen_US
dc.contributor.authorAngulo FJen_US
dc.contributor.otherJournal of the American Medical Associationen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-15T17:13:38Z
dc.date.available2010-02-15T17:13:38Z
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.degreeen_US
dc.description1541-1545en_US
dc.description-otheren_US
dc.description.abstractContext In May and June 1998, reported Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections increased sharply in Texas. Objective To determine factors that contributed to the increase in V parahaemolyticus infections. Design, Setting, and Participants Cross-sectional survey of persons reporting gastroenteritis after eating seafood in Texas; survey of environmental conditions in Galveston Bay. Main Outcome Measures Traceback of oysters, water quality measures in harvest areas, presence of V parahaemolyticus in stool cultures; comparison of median values for environmental conditions before and during the outbreak compared with during the previous 5 years. Results Between May 31 and July 10, 1998, 416 persons in 13 states reported having gastroenteritis after eating oysters harvested from Galveston Bay. All 28 available stool specimens from affected persons yielded V parahaemolyticus serotype O3:K6 isolates. Oyster beds met current bacteriologic standards during harvest and fecal coliform counts in water samples were within acceptable limits. Median water temperature and salinity during May and June 1998 were 30.0 degree C and 29.6 parts per thousand (ppt) compared with 28.9 degree C and 15.6 ppt for the previous 5 years (P<.001). Conclusions This is the first reported outbreak of V parahaemolyticus serotype O3:K6 infection in the United States. The emergence of a virulent serotype and elevated seawater temperatures and salinity levels may have contributed to this large multistate outbreak of V parahaemolyticus. Bacteriologic monitoring at harvest sites did not prevent this outbreak, suggesting that current policy and regulations regarding the safety of raw oysters require reevaluation. Consumers and physicians should understand that raw or undercooked oysters can cause illness even if harvested from monitored beds. In patients who develop acute gastroenteritis within 4 days of consuming raw or undercooked oysters, a stool specimen should be tested for Vibrio species using specific mediaen_US
dc.description.urihttp://gbic.tamug.edu/request.htmen_US
dc.historyen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.3/22963
dc.latitudeen_US
dc.locationen_US
dc.longitudeen_US
dc.notes0098-7484EnglishEnglishJournal ArticleMarineCS0120473en_US
dc.placeen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries50462.00en_US
dc.relation.urien_US
dc.scaleen_US
dc.seriesen_US
dc.subjectA 01017 Human foodsen_US
dc.subjectASW,USA,Texas,Galveston Bayen_US
dc.subjectCommercial speciesen_US
dc.subjectCrassostreaen_US
dc.subjectDesignen_US
dc.subjectenvironmental conditionsen_US
dc.subjectFecal coliformsen_US
dc.subjectFishery productsen_US
dc.subjectFood contaminationen_US
dc.subjectFood poisoningen_US
dc.subjectGalveston Bayen_US
dc.subjectgastroenteritisen_US
dc.subjectJ 02846 Gastrointestinal tracten_US
dc.subjectMolluscaen_US
dc.subjectMonitoringen_US
dc.subjectOystersen_US
dc.subjectPathogenic bacteriaen_US
dc.subjectPublic healthen_US
dc.subjectQ1 01484 Species interactions: parasites and diseasesen_US
dc.subjectSalinityen_US
dc.subjectSalinity effectsen_US
dc.subjectSeafooden_US
dc.subjectSerotypesen_US
dc.subjectSpecimensen_US
dc.subjectTemperatureen_US
dc.subjectTexasen_US
dc.subjectUSAen_US
dc.subjectUSA,Texasen_US
dc.subjectVibrio parahaemolyticusen_US
dc.subjectwateren_US
dc.subjectWater qualityen_US
dc.subjectwater temperatureen_US
dc.titleEmergence of a New Vibrio parahaemolyticus Serotype in Raw Oysters A Prevention Quandaryen_US
dc.typeJournalen_US
dc.universityen_US
dc.vol-issue(12)en_US
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