Petroleum hydrocarbons and oyster resources of Galveston Bay, Texas

Anderson RD
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Field and laboratory studies of petroleum hydrocarbons in the tissues of the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, a primary shellfish resource in the Galveston Bay system, were conducted from 1971-1974. Initial ultraviolet spectrophotometric and gas chromatographic analyses of tissues revealed significant amounts of oil-derived petroleum hydrocarbons from oysters collected at Morgan's Point Reef at the lower end of the Houston Ship Channel. Lower values, when detectable, were found in oyster meats collected at natural and artificial reefs scattered throughout the lower bay system. Rapid depuration of petroleum hydrocarbons accumulated in field and experimental exposures was found. In oil-free seawater, oysters released saturated chains and most aromatic fractions rapidly with depuration to below a detectable level (0.1 ppm) taking place within 52 days. Transfer of oysters for depuration purposes shows promise of improving the overall quality of this shellfish resource

ASW,USA,Texas,Galveston Bay, bioaccumulation, Crassostrea, Crassostrea virginica, Hydrocarbons, oil pollution, Oysters, petroleum, Pollution, pollution effects, Q5 01505 Prevention and control, reefs, USA