Metabolic Response of Environmentally Isolated Microorganisms to Industrial Effluents: Use of a Newly Described Cell Culture Assay




Ferebee RN

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An environmental application using a microtiter culture assay to measure the metabolic sensitivity of microorganisms to petrochemical effluents will be tested. The Biomedical Operations and Research Branch at NASA JSC has recently developed a rapid and nondestructive method to measure cell growth and metabolism. Using a colorimetric procedure the uniquely modified assay allows the metabolic kinetics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells to be measured. Use of such an assay if adapted for the routine monitoring of waste products, process effluents, and environmentally hazardous substances may prove to be invaluable to the industrial community. The microtiter method as described will be tested using microorganisms isolated from the Galveston Bay aquatic habitat. The microbial isolates will be identified prior to testing using the automated systems available at JSC. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), cadmium, and lead will provide control toxic chemicals. The toxicity of industrial effluent from two industrial sites will be tested. An effort will be made to test the efficacy of this assay for measuring toxicity in a mixed culture community




57B Medicine & Biology: Biochemistry;57K Medicine & Biology: Microbiology;68D Environmental Pollution & Control: Water Pollution & Control;Assaying;Automatic control;Biology;Cells;Chemicals;Culture techniques;Effluents;Environmental monitoring;Eukaryotes;Galveston;Galveston bay;Habitat;Habitats;Houston;Industrial wastes;Lead;Metabolism;Microorganisms;Monitoring;Operation;Physiological responses;Prokaryotes;Sites;Sodium;Toxicity;United States;Water pollutants;