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dc.contributor.authorChamberlain Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorStrawn K Ayles GBen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrett JRen_US
dc.contributor.otheren_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-15T17:15:13Z
dc.date.available2010-02-15T17:15:13Z
dc.date.issued1977 1977 Jan 9en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.3/23183
dc.description-645en_US
dc.description.abstractA primary drawback for cage culture in heated effluent has been extensive mortalities due to gas bubble disease. This malady, endemic to power plant effluent, is caused by supersaturation of atmospheric gases in water. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of hydrostatic pressure as a possible remedy for gas bubble disease in the discharge canal of a Galveston Bay, Texas, steam-electric plant. Seven estuarine fishes, pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides), spot (Leiostomus xanthurus), Atlantic croaker (Micropogon undulatus), black drum (Pogonias cromis), red drum (Sciaenops ocellata), Atlantic spade-fish (Chaetodipterus faber), and striped mullet (Mugil cephalus), were caged at the surface and bottom of the 3 m-deep discharge canal where total gas saturation frequently exceeded 120% during winter months. Survival in surface cages averaged 1% after 2 weeks, while survival in bottom cages averaged 81% after 12 weeks. No supplemental food was allotted, but an abundance of small organisms was continually sluiced down the discharge canal through the cages. Winter growth rates generally surpassed those of comparable species cultured elsewhere in the cooling water system at ambient temperature and fed a prepared ration. As discharge water temperature approached 35 degree C, growth rates declined. Other factors affecting growth were cage mesh size, species type, and size of individuals. All fish were maintained in the heated effluent until thermal death to determine the upper lethal temperature limits. These results indicate that submerged cage culture in power plant effluent might offer a significant savings to the culturist by increasing winter growth rates without the expense of feedingen_US
dc.description.urihttp://gbic.tamug.edu/request.htmen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries50754.00en_US
dc.relation.urien_US
dc.subjectabundanceen_US
dc.subjectASW,USA,Texasen_US
dc.subjectAtlantic croakeren_US
dc.subjectAtmosphericen_US
dc.subjectbrackishwater aquacultureen_US
dc.subjectCage cultureen_US
dc.subjectChaetodipterus faberen_US
dc.subjectDeathen_US
dc.subjectfeedingen_US
dc.subjectfishen_US
dc.subjectfish cultureen_US
dc.subjectGalveston Bayen_US
dc.subjectgrowthen_US
dc.subjectgrowth rateen_US
dc.subjectLagodon rhomboidesen_US
dc.subjectLeiostomus xanthurusen_US
dc.subjectMicropogon undulatusen_US
dc.subjectMortalityen_US
dc.subjectMugil cephalusen_US
dc.subjectorganismsen_US
dc.subjectPinfishen_US
dc.subjectPogonias cromisen_US
dc.subjectQ1 01582 Fish cultureen_US
dc.subjectRed drumen_US
dc.subjectSciaenops ocellataen_US
dc.subjectSurvivalen_US
dc.subjectTemperatureen_US
dc.subjectTexasen_US
dc.subjectthermal aquacultureen_US
dc.subjectUSAen_US
dc.subjectwateren_US
dc.subjectwater temperatureen_US
dc.subjectwinteren_US
dc.titleSubmerged cage culture of fish in supersaturated thermal effluent. 8. Annu. Meet. World Mariculture Society; San Jose (Costa Rica); 9 Jan 1977en_US
dc.typeCONFen_US
dc.placeen_US
dc.seriesIn: Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting [of the] World Mariculture Society held at San Joseen_US
dc.vol-issue()en_US
dc.locationen_US
dc.scaleen_US
dc.latitudeen_US
dc.longitudeen_US
dc.contract-noen_US
dc.notes8. Annu. Meet. World Mariculture Society, San Jose (Costa Rica)EnglishEnglishBook MonographBrackishFA7802684en_US
dc.degreeen_US
dc.acquisition-srcDownloaded from-Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstractsen_US
dc.description-otheren_US
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dc.historyen_US
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