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dc.contributor.authorReintjes, J.W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPacheco, A.L.en_US
dc.contributor.editorSmith, R.F., A.H. Swartz, and W.H. Massmannen_US
dc.contributor.otherA symposium on estuarine fisheries. Presented at the 94th annual meeting, Atlantic City, New Jersey, September 1964.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-15T16:53:43Z
dc.date.available2010-02-15T16:53:43Z
dc.date.issued1966en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.3/19764
dc.descriptionp. 50-58.en_US
dc.description.abstractMenhaden, genus Brevoortia, use estuaries along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States as nursery areas for more than half of their first year of life. The Atlantic menhaden, B. tyrannus, and Gulf menhaden, B. patronus, support the largest fishery in North America and observations reported concern mainly these species. Spawning occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. After hatching and early development the larvae move into estuaries. The time spent in the ocean before entering the estuaries is not known. Larvae move into the tributraries near the upstream limits of saline water. Water temperatures below 3 C deter entry into the estuaries, inhibit movements into the tributaries, and cause mass mortalities. Temperatures below 3 C killed larvae confined in the laboratory at salinities of 24 o/oo but effects varied somewhat whith acclimation temperatures. Larvae and juvenile menhaden were collected in salinities of 1 o/oo or less along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. Along the south Texas coast juveniles survived salinities up to 60 o/oo but were killed by 80 o/oo. Other physical, chemical, and biological factors affecting young menhaden are mentioned but supporting data are few. Literature citations include most of the publications on the estuarine phase of the menhaden's life history.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://gbic.tamug.edu/request.htmen_US
dc.publisherAllen Press, Incorporateden_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries2002.00en_US
dc.relation.urien_US
dc.subjectmarine fishen_US
dc.subjectBrevoortia patronusen_US
dc.subjectgulf menhadenen_US
dc.subjectBrevoortia tyrannusen_US
dc.subjectmenhadenen_US
dc.subjectAtlantic menhadenen_US
dc.subjectestuariesen_US
dc.subjectnursery groundsen_US
dc.subjectlife historyen_US
dc.subjectlarvaeen_US
dc.subjectspawningen_US
dc.titleThe relation of menhaden to estuaries.en_US
dc.typeBooken_US
dc.placeLawrence, Kansasen_US
dc.seriesAmerican Fisheries Society Special Publication No. 3en_US
dc.vol-issueen_US
dc.geo-codeTexas coasten_US
dc.geo-codeNorthwestern Gulf of Mexicoen_US
dc.locationTAMUG circulating collectionen_US
dc.scaleen_US
dc.latitudeen_US
dc.longitudeen_US
dc.contract-noen_US
dc.notesen_US
dc.degreeen_US
dc.acquisition-srcen_US
dc.description-otheren_US
dc.universityen_US
dc.history16-Sep-1997en_US
dc.call-noSH 333 A6.5en_US


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