Integrating Arc Hydro Features with a Schematic Network
Whiteaker, Timothy L
Maidment, David R
Goodall, Jonathan L
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A framework for integrating GIS features with processing engines to simulate hydrologic behavior is presented. The framework is designed for compatibility with the ArcGIS ModelBuilder environment, and utilizes the data structure provided by the SchemaLink and SchemaNode feature classes from the ArcGIS Hydro data model. SchemaLink and SchemaNode form the links and nodes, respectively, in a schematic network representing the connectivity between hydrologic features pertinent to the movement of surface water in the landscape. A specific processing engine is associated with a given schematic feature, depending on the type of feature the schematic feature represents. Processing engines allow features to behave as individual hydrologic processors in the landscape. The framework allows two types of processes for each feature, a Receive process and a Pass process. Schematic network features operate with four types of values: received values, incremental values, total values, and passed values. The framework assumes that the schematic network is dendritic, and that no backwater effects occur between schematic features. A case study is presented for simulating bacterial loading in Galveston Bay in Texas from point and nonpoint sources. A second case study is presented for simulating rainfall-runoff response and channel routing for the Llano River in Texas.